The report provides a brief background on the Syrian conflict, the role of women in the initial peaceful uprising, and their subsequent exclusion from high-level peace negotiations. It then explains the importance of including women’s voices in peace negotiations processes as a means to address gender-based violence post-conflict and to build sustainable peace. The third section provides an overview of ongoing sexual and gender-based violence against women in Syria and those who are refugees in the context of the conflict. The fourth section identifies the elements of the pre-conflict social and legal framework that must be changed in order to ensure that the end of combat brings meaningful peace to women in Syria. The final section offers recommendations for future peace negotiations and transitional justice processes for Syria.